2§ THE FAMINE 0¥ 1877-78. Beside the repairs of the roads the other relief works undertaken and their cost were as follows: the excavation of the Jait tank, Bs. 6,787 ; the deepening of the Balbhadra tank, Bs. 5,770 ; and the levelling of the Jamalpur mounds, Bs. 7,238 : these adjoined the Magistrate's Court-house, and will be frequently mentioned hereafter as ike site of a large Buddhist monastery. On the llth of May, 1878, the earthwork of the Mathura and Admera Railway was taken ia hand aixd continued till the beginning of (September* during which time it gave employment to 713,315 persons, at an expenditure of Bs. 56,639. An extension of the Mat branch of the Ganges Canal was also commenced on the 30th July, and employed" 579,351 persons, at a, cost of Bs. 43,142, till its elo&e on the 16th of October. There should also be added Rs..6,37$, which were spent by the Municipality through the District Engineer, in levelling some broken ground opposite the City Police Station. The total cost on all these relief works thus amounted to Bs, 1,80,630* No remission of revenue was granted by the Government, bat advances for the purchase of bullocks and seed were distributed to the extent of Bs. 35,000.* The following tabular statement shows the mortality that prevailed during the worst months of this calamitous period : the total population of the district being 778,839 :— f s 1 1 1 1 j t 1 February. i 1 * J 1877-78.. 973 1,126 £32 1,837 1,579 1,973 1,869 1,725 2,018 vu $,189 * 8,673 1878-79... §,562 W0 6j&79 10,414 I8'"8 4,710 2,49) 1,474 1,148 1,611 MM 1,661 The metalling of ihe Delhi road, which has been incidentally ijaentioned as the principal relief work in, 1860, was not only a boon at the time, but still con- tinues a source of the greatest advantage to the district. The old imperial thoroughfare, which connected the two capitals of Agi?* and Labor, kept closely to the same line, as is shown by the ponderous kos nainars^ which are found still standing at intervals of aboup three miles, and nowhere at any great * I taw noting of the famine myself, as I left the district in April, 1877, before It had bepa. SdfiaMy, I am glad to have escaped the sight of so much miser j; though, possibly,. if I lad 1*een oa the spot* ay local experience might hav® proved useful both Jo Ike Gorenwumt and th« people.